Great Peshtigo Fire
On Sunday, October 8, 1871, as legend goes, at 9pm Catherine O’Leary went out to her barn to milk her cow.
What happens next a still a little foggy in the annuals of Chicago History, but the ally-way behind the barn at 137 DeKoven Street became the epicenter for the Great Chicago Fire. I’m still not sure why they call it the Great Chicago Fire, doesn’t seem to be anything great about it, but who am I?
The fire blazed for two long days and nights and consumed roughly 3.3 square miles of the city. Although it’s never really been determined how the fire started you can be sure of this, fire causes fire. Just like some of the greatest forest fires in US history have been caused by cigarette buts, a small spark has the ability to create major devastation.
What’s amazing about the story of the Great Chicago Fire is that it wasn’t the only fire that was started that night. In fact, you might be surprised to know that the single worst wild fire in U.S. history, in both size and fatalities, known as the Great Peshtigo Fire burned 3.8 million acres (5,938 square miles) and killed at least 1,500 in Northern Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
Across the lake to the east, the town of Holland, Michigan, and other nearby areas burned to the ground. Some 100 miles to the north of Holland, the lumbering community of Manistee also went up in flames in what became known as The Great Michigan Fire.
Farther east, along the shore of Lake Huron, the Port Huron Fire wept through Port Huron, Michigan and much of Michigan’s “Thumb”. On October 9, 1871 a fire swept through the city of Urbana, Illinois, 140 miles south of Chicago, destroying portions of its downtown area. Windsor, Ontario likewise burned on October 12.
The Peshtigo Fire remains the deadliest in American history but the remoteness of the region meant it was little noticed at the time. And to think, this great devastation occurred all because of a spark from the lantern of Cathrine O’Leary at 9pm when she went out to milk her cow.
The Spark of the Tongue
Fire is one of those things that demands respect. We might be quick to declare that the larger the fire the more powerful the fire is, but the reality is, when dealing with fire it doesn’t take but a spark for a fire to quickly get out of control.
When referencing the tongue, James points out in Chapter 3:5-6 (NLT) 5 In the same way, the tongue is a small thing that makes grand speeches.
But a tiny spark can set a great forest on fire. 6 And among all the parts of the body, the tongue is a flame of fire. It is a whole world of wickedness, corrupting your entire body. It can set your whole life on fire, for it is set on fire by hell itself.
As we talk about the power of the tongue, it’s equally important to be reminded that James was writing regarding issues in the church. So obviously, like most churches, there was a person or persons who were probably talking nasty in the church! In fact, in my own opinion, when you re-read James 3, you almost get the sense that James is trying to get people to stop talking negatively about the leadership of the church. Again, this is just my own opinion, but read it for yourself. James 3:1-2 (NLT)
As we look at what all this means for today, I do believe it’s pretty self explanatory. In the first three chapters of James alone we find James addressing faith, listening, anger, true religion, and now the tongue. All of these things are things that require a higher level of spiritual maturity.
The challenge for us is to come to the realization that when we can control what we say, we control what we do, and even who we become. Like a bit in a horses mouth, or the rudder on a ship, regardless of the amount of tugging and wind, our tongue has the ability to steer us as we go.